PERIODONTAL DISEASE, ALSO KNOWN AS GUM DISEASE, IS ONE OF THE MOST SERIOUS THREATS TO ORAL HEALTH. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, approximately 80 percent of American adults have some form of gum disease.
Gum disease can originate from several sources, but the most common and preventable cause is bacteria in the mouth. When bacteria is not brushed or flossed away from the teeth and surrounding tissues, plaque forms and eventually hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a dentist or hygienist. Without proper hygiene maintenance, gum disease begins to form. Some of the additional causes of gum disease include smoking, genetics, diabetes, ill-fitting dental bridges, crooked teeth, stress, and defective fillings. The earlier gum disease is diagnosed and detected, the easier it is to turn around. A variety of periodontal disease treatment options are available depending on the severity of the case.
In addition to creating severe damage in the mouth, gum disease may be linked to more serious health issues such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or pre-term birth. Consistent dental hygiene, regular dental cleanings and checkups, and preventative dentistry are all important to prevent gum disease. The video clip below reports on a study linking periodontal disease to more serious issues.
Periodontal Disease Diagnosis and Treatment
Periodontal disease starts in a mild form called gingivitis, which generally manifests itself through red, bleeding, or swollen gums. While this mild form of gum disease can be easily treated, it can develop into periodontitis when left undetected. During this more serious phase of gum disease, bacteria spread throughout the mouth, damaging the gums, bone, and tissues, eventually leading to tooth loss.
Signs of gum disease include:
-Bleeding, red, swollen gums
– Tender gums
– Bad breath
– Tooth loss
– Bone loss
– Gums pull away from teeth
– Loose teeth
– Receding gums
– Tooth sensitivity
Several types of periodontal disease treatment exist, depending on the severity of the gum disease. For more mild cases, removal of plaque and tartar by a dentist or hygienist and the cleansing of root surfaces can begin to turn around the disease. Of course this type of periodontal disease treatment requires continual maintenance and oral hygiene afterward. For more serious cases of gum disease, bacteria-killing medication or periodontal surgery may be necessary to repair severe damage.
Contact a Crown Council Dentist
To learn more about gum disease and periodontal disease treatment, find and contact one of our Crown Council member dentists in your area today. Using the search tools on this website, you can find a Crown Council member periodontists who specialize in periodontal disease treatment.